What Maintenance Do Electric Vehicle Chargers Need?

Are you considering adding an EV charger to your garage for personal use, putting additional chargers in the employee parking area of your business, or purchasing commercial charging stations to capitalize on the rising demand for EVs? 

Consider the money and effort required to maintain your EV charging station and the costs associated with the initial purchase, installation, and continuous energy usage. It's also crucial to think about how long your charging station will last and how much it will cost to replace it when it comes.

Let's first discuss what EV stations are. An electric vehicle charging station often called a charge point or an EVSE is a piece of equipment that provides electrical power for plug-in electric vehicle charging (including electric cars, electric trucks, electric buses, neighborhood electric vehicles, and plug-in hybrids).

What Are the Different Levels of EV Charging?

For charging electric vehicles, there are three tiers. Each EV charge level has unique installation, charging, and use case requirements. The EV charging manufacturers and suppliers who offer their employees access to on-site charging stations should use level one and level two charging. 

Some EV charging wholesale businesses use level one and two chargers for certain operations. The fastest charging level is level three, but most home-use scenarios are not feasible due to the cost.

Chargers for Level One EVs

The slowest charge is provided by level one chargers, which can only provide two to five miles of range per hour. This charge level is adequate for those who care less about their battery's level of depletion and drive short distances. Level one alternatives are also appropriate for drivers who leave their electric cars to charge overnight at home or throughout the day at work.

Cost and flexibility are level one charging's main advantages. 

A level one charger can be plugged into a typical 120 V outlet, the same as most American home equipment. A level one charger is typically provided with plug-in electric vehicles, making it possible to provide level one charging.

Charges for Level 2 EVs

With an average restoration of 10–20 miles of range per hour, level two charging is substantially quicker than level one. Drivers who travel long distances or cannot charge their vehicle for a lengthy period will appreciate this option. A level two charger is a better option if you have a hectic schedule that requires you to go across town frequently or have a long commute to work.

The method for charging electric vehicles at the office that is most frequently utilized is at this charger level. EV charging manufacturers utilize level two chargers to recharge multiple vehicles simultaneously throughout a workday. For those who spend little time driving, Level 2 also offers a good driving range in less time.

Chargers for Level 3 EVs

The electric car can be charged to 80% in less than 30 minutes using level three charging, which gives the fastest charge rates. However, there are a few things to consider when selecting this charger.

Instead of the alternating current (AC) that almost all homes and businesses use, this charging level uses direct current (DC). Level three EV charging supplies may be more expensive for individual residences, making them uneconomical for residential use.

Installing a level three ESVE can cost tens of thousands of dollars, making commercial vehicle charging stations its primary application. Even yet, providing these charges as a service might be a valuable incentive for both customers and staff.

Maintenance of Level 1 Charging Stations

You should follow the following EV charging station maintenance procedures for a level one charging station:

Changing the outlet: 

Replace the outlet regularly. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that an outlet will last several years and that the outlet itself will cost between $1 and $40. The cost of the electrician to install the new outlet will then need to be considered.

Changing the cord set: 

Having to replace the cord set because of overuse or vandalism is another recurring expense. The equipment's lifespan can be increased, and unintentional harm can be avoided by securing the charging cord. The cord set and the outlet may be stressed if the cord is allowed to hang in the air.

Check for appropriate tension: 

Ensuring enough tension to keep the plug firmly inserted in the receptacle is a crucial component of preventative maintenance for electric car charges. The U.S. Department of Energy advises checking the receptacle's tension at least once a year to see any safety issues and save downtime.

Maintenance of Level 2 Charging Stations

Level two charging stations are more intricate, have more parts, and may need more upkeep. Level two chargers are more prone to malfunction since they have more parts than a level one charger. 

Thankfully, the design of these stations allows for the replacement of particular parts without having to replace the entire unit. To prepare for the possibility of components breaking after their warranty has expired, the U.S. Department of Energy advises setting aside up to $400 per charger annually.

Maintenance of Level Three Charging Stations

Chargers at level three require much more maintenance than chargers at lower levels. These chargers need routine preventative and corrective maintenance for the upkeep of the cooling system, filters, and other complex components that level one and level two chargers lack.

If you run a level three charging station, you should set up an ongoing maintenance schedule with the maker. The frequency and volume of maintenance needed for the electric vehicle charging station will depend on its location and usage. When calculating the pricing structure of your charging stations, be sure to take these expenses into account.

This product is electrically safe. Tests such as the dielectric withstand test, insulation resistance test, and leakage current test has verified their safety when connected to a voltage that is high enough to present a hazard to the operator.

Where to buy your EV Charger?

BESEN offers consumers specialized charging equipment that is more reliable, stable, and effective. Besen EV Charger, EV Portable Charger, EV Mode 3 Cable, EV Connector, EV Adaptor, and other items are some of their top sellers. BESEN has been ranked No. 1 in terms of export data on Alibaba for 4 years in a row and is the EVSE manufacturer with the highest export volume in China for the AC charger market.

With the help of the following guide, you can learn more about the different kinds of electric vehicle charging stations and the necessary maintenance to own each one.


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