Market analysis of China's Ev charging station industry in 2019: Accelerating the development of layout in various places, high-power charging has become a key supporting technology Ev charging station supplier-Besen


Besen -Ev charging station manufacturers

Market analysis of China's Ev charging station industry in 2019: Accelerating the development of layout in various places, high-power charging has become a key supporting technology Recently, 172 new Ev charging stations have been added to the Minle charging station located in Longhua District, Shenzhen. The world's largest Ev charging station has 637 Ev charging stations, covering an area of ​​20,000 square meters, and can provide charging services for nearly 5,000 electric vehicles every day. Shenzhen is one of the first national pilot cities for the demonstration and promotion of energy-saving and new energy vehicles, and a national low-carbon transportation pilot city.

In 2017, Shenzhen became the first city in the country and even the world's mega-city to realize all electric buses. In 2018, the pure electric taxis operating in Shenzhen accounted for as high as 94.21%, and 1,350 vehicles will be gradually put into operation, and the taxis will basically be fully electric. Electric vehicles represented by taxis have higher requirements on charging time, which has given birth to the development of Ev charging stations.

Ev charging station refers to the DC pile, which converts alternating current into direct current, and directly charges the battery of the electric vehicle through the charging socket. It has high power, fast charging and high cost. With the more diversified use scenarios of electric vehicles and the gradual maturity of related technologies, fast charging is becoming the general trend. Li Zhigang, chief engineer of Aotexun Power Equipment Co., Ltd., told reporters that in the future, the charging time of electric vehicles is expected to be reduced to less than 10 minutes, which is close to the refueling time.

The Ev charging station market welcomes spring again. China's auto market experienced its first year-on-year decline in nearly 30 years in 2018. The total production and sales were 27.809 million units and 28.081 million units, down 4.2% and 2.8% year-on-year respectively. On May 21, the "Blue Book of Auto Industry: China's Auto Industry Development Report (2019)" jointly released by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers and Social Science Literature Publishing House pointed out that the auto industry experienced a turning point in 2018. However, benefiting from factors such as car purchase subsidies and license plate advantages, the performance of new energy vehicles has risen against the trend.

Among them, the production and sales of pure electric vehicles completed 986,000 and 984,000 respectively, accounting for about 78% of the production and sales of new energy vehicles. 2011-2018 China's new energy vehicle production and sales statistics Source: Qianzhan Industry Research Institute compiled the strong development momentum of electric vehicles, and transmitted incremental signals to the supporting Ev charging station. Evergrande think tank pointed out in a research report in April that from the perspective of market demand, new energy vehicles have grown rapidly against the trend since the second half of 2018. The production and sales volume in 2020 is expected to exceed 2 million units. The growth of the station industry provides endogenous power.

my country's Ev charging station industry has a huge space for development At present, there is still a lot of room for the development of Ev charging station. As the most important link and basic guarantee in the electric vehicle promotion and application industry chain, the construction of Ev charging station is seriously lagging behind. According to the statistics of "China Ev Charging Station Industry Development Prospect Forecast and Investment Strategic Planning Analysis Report" released by Qianzhan Industry Research Institute, the number of Ev charging stations in my country is increasing year by year from 2012 to 2018. In 2012, the number of Ev charging stations in China was only The number of Ev charging stations in my country has reached 18,000 units, and the number of Ev charging stations in my country has reached 141,000 units.

By 2017, the number of Ev charging stations in my country has increased by more than 200,000 units. As of 2018, the number of Ev charging stations nationwide was 299,000, a year-on-year increase of 39.72%. In April 2019, member units in the alliance reported a total of 391,000 public Ev charging stations, including 223,000 AC Ev charging stations, 168,000 DC Ev charging stations, and 0.05 million AC-DC integrated Ev charging stations. tower.

Compared with March 2019, the number of public Ev charging stations increased by 7,464 in April 2019. From May 2018 to April 2019, about 10,748 public Ev charging stations were newly added each month, a year-on-year increase of 49.2% in April 2019. Statistics on the number of Ev charging stations in my country from April 2012 to April 2019 Data source: Compiled by Qianzhan Industry Research Institute %, an increase of 1.07 million vehicles compared with 2017, an increase of 70%.

Among them, the number of pure electric vehicles is 2.11 million, accounting for 81.06% of the total number of new energy vehicles. A rough calculation shows that the current vehicle-to-pile ratio is about 2.74:1. The National Energy Administration proposed in the draft "Ev charging station infrastructure construction plan" that by 2020, the number of domestic charging and swapping stations will reach 12,000, and the number of Ev charging stations will reach 4.5 million; the ratio of electric vehicles to Ev chargers will be close to the standard. Match 1:1.

The latest policy is tilting towards charging infrastructure. In March 2019, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Notice on Further Improving the Financial Subsidy Policy for the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles", proposing that no purchase subsidies will be given to new energy vehicles after the transition period. , which will be used to support the construction of the "short board" of charging (hydrogenation) infrastructure and supporting operation services. Accelerating the layout of Ev charging stations in various places For potential car buyers, before starting an electric vehicle, it is necessary to consider not only the layout of the charging station in the area, but also the charging time.

In the long run, faster charging speed is bound to be a major trend in the future. Li Zhigang, chief engineer of Aotexun Power Equipment Co., Ltd., introduced that many studies have shown that the driving range of electric vehicles reaches 500 kilometers and the charging time is controlled within 15 minutes, so most people can fully accept electric vehicles. In the aforementioned Shenzhen fast charging station, the newly built 70 60-kilowatt DC Ev charging stations use a new type of constant-power charging module, which can meet the charging current and voltage requirements of most vehicles on the market.

According to Chen Haozhou, deputy director of China Southern Power Grid Electric Vehicle Service Co., Ltd., the charging speed of these 70 new DC Ev charging stations is about 20% to 30% faster than that of ordinary Ev charging stations. Not only Shenzhen, but also many places have released plans for the construction of Ev charging stations, and fast charging facilities have become one of the important aspects. Recently, at the China (Chongqing) New Energy Vehicle Industry International Cooperation Summit Forum, Yang Liqiong, deputy director of the Chongqing Economic and Information Commission, said that by 2020, Chongqing will build 30,000 Ev charging stations, including 10,000 Ev charging stations. station.

In November last year, Shaanxi Province issued the "Administrative Measures for the Construction and Operation of Ev Charging Station Infrastructure", proposing that at least one fast charging station should be built for every 2,000 electric vehicles. In 2018, Shanghai proposed to build 115 urban fast charging stations. According to the "Ev charging station infrastructure development guideline (2015-2020)" plan, the relevant departments and localities should incorporate the intercity fast charging network into the relevant expressway planning.

The era of high-power Ev charging station is coming. At present, there are two directions for Ev charging station hotspots in the world. One is wireless charging, and the other is high-power charging. The era of high-power fast charging will soon come. At present, Tesla has launched a charging station with a peak charging power of 147kw, and Ev charging station companies, including State Grid, Xingxing charging and Tedian, are also developing high-power charging technology. Xpeng Motors, a new car-making force, has put into operation 30 supercharging stations this year, and owners can charge their vehicles to 80% in as little as 30 minutes.

Even with the advent of the era of high-power Ev charging stations, the future charging network must be a hybrid layout of various powers to meet the needs of different models and scenarios. Liu Yongdong, deputy director of the Standardization Center of China Electricity Council, told reporters that high-power charging and the existing Ev charger will be a long-term parallel relationship, not a substitute relationship. Evergrande think tank also pointed out that AC piles are still the most important charging method for electric vehicles. DC fast charging stations meet the needs of temporary and emergency charging, and high-power charging is its key supporting technology.

The high-power charging technology can achieve "10-15 minutes of charging and 300 kilometers of battery life", and the charging convenience is expected to be comparable to that of fuel vehicles. Source: Prospective Industry Research Institute.

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