With the expansion and great development of the electric vehicle charger industry, it may be confusing to know the appropriate type of EV charging cable that you need for your electric car. Therefore, we have prepared this article in order to help and guide you in choosing the right EV charger.
Just as there are different types of fuel for fossil-fuel cars, there are different types of chargers for electric cars. The majority of electric vehicles in Europe are Type 2, but others, especially those made by Asian companies, are still Type 1. Therefore, it is imperative that you first make sure that you know the type of your car before you start looking for a charging charger. You can simply verify this information by looking at the manufacturer's manual or by contacting the car dealer directly.
Each type has its own set of benefits and drawbacks, so it's important to understand the difference before you choose which one to use. we'll break down the key differences between these two types of chargers so you can make an informed decision about which one is right for you.
What is a Type 1 EV Charger?
Type 1 chargers feature a 5-pin design and this type of EV charger is single-stage and provides fast charging with an output of between 3.7 kW and 7.4 kW AC, providing a range of 12.5 to 25 miles per charge hour.
Type 1 charging cables also feature a latch to keep the plug securely in place while charging. But it should be noted that although the latch prevents the cable from accidentally falling off, anyone can remove the charging cable from the car.
What is a Type 2 EV Charger?
This type is very common in the European continent. The design of Type 2 chargers consists of 7 pins and accommodates single and three-phase electric power. Type 2 cables provide 30 to 90 miles of range per charge hour. When you use this type of charger, you can reach charging speeds of up to 22 kW and speeds of up to 43 kW at public charging stations. It should be noted that it is easy and common to find a compatible Type 2 generic charging station.
Type 2 cables also have a locking pin that keeps the plug in place while charging, so only you have the authority to disconnect the charging cable from the vehicle which makes it safer especially if it is used at public charging stations.
There are some other factors that can affect the charging speed of an electric vehicle, and they can be summarized as follows: The first is the size of the car battery, as the larger the battery capacity, the longer the car will be charged. There is also a factor in the current battery charge level, as it is faster to recharge than to charge from a completely empty battery. The charging duration will be limited by the maximum charge rate of the charge point to which you have connected the vehicle. If you are charging from a 7 kW point and your car has a charging capacity of 20 kW, it will charge only 7 kW. Finally, there is the environmental factor as cold temperatures may affect the rate of time so it can slightly increase the charging time.
Which Type of EV Charger Is Best for Me?
This is a great question, and the answer really depends on your needs. If you are only going to be charging your EV at home, then a Type 2 charger is probably the best option for you. If you are going to be charging your EV at home and on the go, then a Type 1 charger is probably the best option for you.
What Are the Installation Requirements for a Type 1 or 2 EV Charger?
Assuming you have a dedicated circuit for your EV charger, installation is pretty straightforward. You'll just need to connect the charger to your electrical panel using the appropriate conduit and wire.
If you're not comfortable doing this yourself, you can always hire an electrician. Just make sure they're familiar with EV charger installation, as it's a little different than installing a standard outlet.
As for the actual charger, Type 1 and 2 chargers both come with a standard NEMA 5-15 plug, which you can plug into any standard 120-volt outlet. But if you want to install a dedicated circuit for your charger, you'll need to get a Type 2 EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment), which can be plugged into either a 240-volt outlet or a 120/240-volt outlet.
To sum up, everything we mentioned before, Type 1 EV chargers are more common in North America, while Type 2 EV chargers are more common in Europe. However, both types of chargers are available in both regions.
Type 2 EV chargers offer a higher max charging rate and can be used with a wider variety of EVs. However, they require a different connector than Type 1 EV chargers.