What are The Main Components of EV Chargers?

The demand for electric vehicles has surged since 2012. The industry has progressed in a good way and has helped many people with their needs. Electric cars require low maintenance and show better performance than regular vehicles. If you own an electric vehicle, then chances are that you make use of an EV charging station as well. However, have you ever looked into the main components of EV chargers? Well, in this article, we are covering all the basics, so gear up!

The Components of EV Chargers:

Below is a list of the basic and main components that comprise an EV charger.

1. Lithium Ion Battery:

Lithium-ion batteries bring many benefits to the table in EV chargers. Ultimately, these chargers are great for your electric vehicles as well. 

What Does a Lithium Ion Battery Bring to an EV Charger?

Here are the benefits which lithium-ion batteries bring:

A. Charge high-power vehicles: Lithium-ion batteries are capable of charging great power to vehicles. 

B. Environmental friendly: These are a great asset for environmentally friendly devices such as electric vehicles. 

C. Non-toxic: These batteries are non-toxic and hence pose no health to the environment. 

D. They can be recycled: Another help that lithium-ion batteries bring is that they are easy to recycle. In short, they bring ease and help every step of the way. 

E. They have a huge life span: Lithium-ion batteries last very long. Equipment like EV chargers that consist of lithium-ion batteries is capable of lasting a minimum of eight years. 

F. Bring great performance: They perform very well and require low maintenance. 

G. Not time-consuming to charge: Lithium-ion batteries take very less time to charge and take only a minimum of one hour. 

Lithium-ion batteries are not only used in EV chargers but they are also used in other equipment. The use of lithium-ion batteries as a component tells that EV chargers are the future of the electric vehicle industry!

2. Software:

The next main component of EV chargers is the EV charging software. The EV chargers won't be able to operate without the proper installation of this software. This software manages the complete working of an EV charger and ensures the diagnosis of problems if occurred. 

What Does EV Charging Software Bring to the Equipment?

Here are the roles of EV charging software in the equipment:

A. Optimize the working of EV chargers: They boost the charging performance of the EV chargers.

B. Help drivers: They bring drivers a great experience. 

C. Manage the overall working of the device: They help with the overall working of the chargers.

D. Ensure smooth working: EV charging software brings management to every aspect of the EV charger. 

3. Power Conversion System:

Another important component without which the working of EV chargers is impossible is the power conversion system. A power conversion system further includes components that help with its working. The components of a power conversion system include a thermal management system, an inverter, and an enclosure. 

What Does a Power Conversion System Bring to an EV Charger?

A power conversion system converts an AC power current to DC.

Other than these three main components, an EV charger also consists of an energy controller, a power grid, and an operating center. 

Types of EV Chargers:

Even though the above components are a part of EV chargers. It doesn’t mean that the same range of it will be applied in the making of all EV chargers. In fact, there are different types of EV chargers, these are:

1.Level-1 Charger:

Such types of chargers are very easy to use and manage. They are usually used at home, and they come with most electric vehicles. Level- 1 charger can't be used for just plugging into a socket. They do not require any installation. 

2.Level-2 Charger:

Installing a level-2 charger is a bit complicated. Such chargers require the installation of EV supply equipment and electric wiring. The installation of these can help the charger take up larger amounts of current. Level 2 chargers take less time to charge great-powered vehicles. They can be used in homes, or by small hospitals and companies. 

3.Level-3 Charger:

Level-3 chargers pose the greatest benefits of all. These chargers can charge high-powered vehicles in less time. They make use of a power conversion system the most as they need to convert AC current to DC to operate. Level 3 chargers are not used at home, or in small workplaces, they are used at public charging stations. 

However, with providing greater benefits, level-3 chargers are very expensive to get.

The Future of EV Chargers:

Safe to say that the demand for electric vehicles and EV charges is to surge even higher. The industry as we know it is expanding to great heights as more people are realizing its benefits of it. With EV chargers, electric vehicles are simply not operational. EV chargers deliver the electricity that electric vehicles need in order to work. In 2021, the sales of electric cars reached a new record of 6.6 million. 

The greatest reason why EV charges are the future is that they work by utilizable energy sources. When energy sources such as solar get used in our daily equipment, it helps the environment significantly. 

Popularity like this is causing the creators of EV chargers and electric vehicle makers to improve their industry. The industry is looking forward to having more convenient solutions that will pose no restrictions to basic needs like vehicles. Soon buildings, sites, and other utilities. 


EV chargers deliver electricity to electric vehicles and help with their work. Nowadays, there are many EV charging station manufacturers. However, only a few experts in the industry, such as Besen. 

Besen is a company that works to provide safe and easy EV solutions to its users. They have changed the realm of EV chargers and work tirelessly every day to bring more innovative solutions. From basic EV chargers to portable ones, the company is nothing but the best in this area!

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