Everything You Need To Know About EV Charging Connectors

There are many factors that may make you decide or consider switching from a gasoline vehicle to an electric vehicle.  You may be someone who likes to be quiet in his car, as electric cars do not make a noise like petrol cars.  They also cost less to run, but more importantly, electric vehicles produce far lower total emissions than conventional vehicles.

But there are several things that you should pay attention to when switching to an electric vehicle, not all cars, and electric sockets are the same.

The EV charging connector or standard plug type varies across geographies and models.  There are also many global car manufacturers that support one system without the other. Combined Shipping System (CCS), for example, is common in North America and Europe while Japan and its automakers use CHAdeMO, China has the largest use in the electric vehicle market in the world.

But what is a charging connector? How does it work? And which one should you use? In this article, we'll answer all of your questions about EV charging connectors. By the end of this post, you'll know everything you need to choose the right connector for your vehicle.

What Is EV Charging Connectors?

EV charging connectors are the physical link between your electric vehicle and the charger. In order for your vehicle to charge, the two need to be physically connected.

But here is the thing, not all electric vehicle charging stations or points use the same connectors, and the charging points you will use must be compatible with the charging connector compatible with your vehicle. You'll also need to make sure you have a compatible charging connector for your electric vehicle.

The Different Types of EV Charging Connectors

Connector types vary according to the area in which they are most used, for example, AC charging stations usually do not have a built-in charging cable so the driver carries the cable that fits in their car and the problem of connector types is basically eliminated. As for DC fast charging stations, they always contain a cable attached for security reasons, the amount of current, the price, and the weight of the cable.

Mainly, There are a few different types of EV charging connectors, but the most common ones are DC connectors such as CHAdeMO, CCS, and AC connectors such as SAE J1772. 

1-DC Connectors - CHAdeMO

CHAdeMO is a DC plug that was developed by several Japanese auto manufacturers. They tried to promote this plug worldwide but faced many difficulties. Nevertheless, the number of chargers with CHAdeMO connectors has been increasing over time, as it has become very popular, going from 10,000 in 2015 to 25,600 in 2020 in both Europe and Japan.

Several restrictions have been imposed on this type by the European regulatory authorities in order to make it disappear at the expense of the CCS European plug. At the moment, only two electric cars are produced with this connector by Nissan, which in turn is moving to CCS connectors, so this plug will only be popular in Japan and China. CHAdeMO now has a second version of its connector, which allows you to charge up to 400kW.

2-DC Connectors - CCS - Type 1 and Type 2

Also called a combined charging system, it is an ideal DC fast charging solution.  It consists of original either Type 1 or Type 2 sockets to which two more pins have been added at the bottom. In the case of DC charging, these two lower terminals participate in the charging itself, and from the upper, only the contact pin and ground conductor are used which provide the reference point for the protection systems. These conductors can withstand power up to 350 kW.

CCS is currently the most common type of DC contactor with Type 1 CCS being common in the US and Type 2 CCS being used in Europe. European authorities have not only succeeded in allowing CCS 2 and other plugs to be phased out of Europe but this standard is still used.

 3-AC connectors - J1772

This type was introduced in 2001, a square plug named J1772 with a capacity of only 6.6 kW, and in 2008, Yazaki designed a new plug with a power of 19.2 kW, which since 2010 has become the standard for all American vehicles.  Today's Yazaki design is the new J1772, often called Type 1.

Electric cars in Europe previously had this type of connector, so many older cars or hybrids are still equipped with it, but since it is common for electric car drivers to carry their own cable, there is no problem with charging at any AC station.  However, type 1 is now used mainly in America and Asia.

How to Choose the Right EV Charging Connector for Your Vehicle?

There are a few things you'll want to keep in mind when choosing an EV charging connector for your vehicle.

First, you'll want to make sure that the connector is compatible with your car, so you'll want to check with your car manufacturer to see which one is compatible with your car.

Next, you'll want to consider the length of the cable. The cable should be long enough to reach your car to the charging station, so you'll want to measure the distance between your car and the nearest charging station before making a purchase.

Finally, you'll want to consider the amperage of the connector. The amperage is the amount of electricity that can flow through the connector, and it is measured in amps. A higher amperage will charge your car faster, so if you have a long commute, you may want to choose a connector with a higher amperage.

About BESEN EV Charging Connectors

Here at BESEN and as a professional EVSE manufacturer, we provide you with all 2 types of EV charging connectors. We focus on providing customers with safer, more efficient, and more stable professional charging equipment, thanks to our long experience in this field and the great development and research that we do.

Our Type 1 connector called SAE J1772, also known as the J1772 plug, is the North American standard for electrical connectors. It features a 5-pin connection at the ends and silver coatings that provide excellent conductivity and can prevent overheating. Simple in design, Type 1 connectors include a plug, an inlet, and a dummy plug.  Adaptive current is mainly divided into 16A, 32A, 40A, adaptive voltage ranges from 110V to 240V

Connector Type 2 also bears the name IEC 62196-2, it is approved in Europe. It is characterized by a seven-pin connection at the ends and consists of a plug and outlet, an inlet, a dummy socket, and an electromagnetic lock.

The adaptive current of the type 2 connector is mainly divided into 16A, and 32A, and the adaptive voltage ranges from 220V to 400V.

Besides all this, one of the great advantages of the Type 2 connector is that it is compatible with the majority of 100% electric or rechargeable hybrid vehicles.

Check out our website to learn more about our EV charging connectors.

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